Summaries Child DevelopmentSelect three articles that address topics that you may want to investigate further in your Week Six paper (see Week Six for full assignment details).Write a one paragraph summary of each article, explaining what you found most interesting and why. After each summary, provide the full reference for the article in APA style. You can use the articles below are 3 other articles as long as they are peer viewed. Please use APA format for citations as well.Article 1Behavioural development in children of divorce and remarriage. Source:Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, And Allied Disciplines [J Child Psychol Psychiatry] 1997 Oct; Vol. 38 (7), pp. 769-81.Journal Info:Publisher: Blackwell Publishers Country of Publication: ENGLAND NLM ID: 0375361 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 0021-9630 (Print) Linking ISSN: 00219630 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Child Psychol Psychiatry Subsets: MEDLINEAbstract:We employed an autoregressive modelling technique with data from the Québec Longitudinal Study to prospectively examine the developmental impact of family transition on behavior while controlling for pre-divorce and pre-remarriage effects. Teachers rated children’s anxious, hyperactive, physically aggressive, oppositional, and prosocial behavior every 2 years from kindergarten through to the end of elementary school. Once individual and parental characteristics and antecedent family events were controlled, children who experienced parental divorce before age 6 exhibited comparatively more behavioral disturbance than their peers whose parents divorced later. With the exception of a protective effect on hyperactive behavior, remarriage did not have a significant impact on children’s behavior when the legacy of divorce was controlled. Although the results suggest that children of divorced parents show difficulty in many areas of functioning, the effects of family transition on behavioral development were dependent on the child’s age and the specific behavioral dimension assessed. Compared to other points in development, early childhood divorce was associated with long-term increases in anxious, hyperactive, and oppositional behavior during later childhood. The effects of divorce on children’s fighting were short-lived. Unlike previous prospective studies that suggest pre-divorce effects, we did not observe behavioral disturbance prior to divorce or remarriage.Article 2The Approximation Rule, Child Development Research, and Children’s Best Interests after Divorce.Authors:Warshak, Richard A.1Source:Child Development Perspectives. 2007, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p119-125. 7p.Abstract:ABSTRACT- To remedy perceived problems with the best-interests-of-the-child standard, the American Law Institute proposes that in contested custody cases, courts allocate custodial time to each parent that approximates the proportion of time each spent performing caretaking functions in the past. This article evaluates the goals, assumptions, and potential benefits of the proposed approximation rule in the light of child development research. It concludes that the rule is unlikely to better define and secure children’s best interests and recommends more widespread adoption both of uniform criteria defining the best-interests standard and of reforms that encourage nonadversarial, individualized resolutions of custody disputes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR](Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)Author Affiliations:1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at DallasISSN:1750-8592DOI:10.1111/j.1750-8606.2007.00026.xAccession Number:90768847ARTICLE 3Being alone, playing alone, and acting alone: distinguishing among reticence and passive and active solitude in young children.Authors:Coplan RJ; Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.Rubin KHFox NACalkins SDStewart SLSource:Child Development [Child Dev] 1994 Feb; Vol. 65 (1), pp. 129-37.Publication Type:Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, P.H.S.Language:EnglishJournal Info:Publisher: Blackwell Publishers Country of Publication: UNITED STATES NLM ID: 0372725 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 0009-3920 (Print) Linking ISSN: 00093920 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Child Dev Subsets: MEDLINEImprint Name(s):Publication: Malden, MA : Blackwell PublishersOriginal Publication: [Chicago, etc.] : Published by the University of Chicago Press for the Society for Research in Child Development [etc.]MeSH Terms:Child Behavior*Play and Playthings*Anxiety/psychology; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Male; Psychology, Child; TemperamentAbstract:3 forms of solitude were studied in young children–reticence (onlooker and unoccupied behavior), solitary-passive behavior (solitary-constructive and -exploratory play), and solitary-active behavior (solitary-functional and -dramatic play). 48 4-year-old children grouped in quartets of same-sex unfamiliar peers were observed in several situations. Mothers completed the Colorado Temperament Inventory. Results indicated that (1) solitary-passive, solitary-active, and reticent behaviors were nonsignificantly intercorrelated; (2) reticence was stable and associated with the demonstration of anxiety and hovering near others, whereas solitary-passive and solitary-active play were stable yet unrelated to anxiety and hovering; (3) reticence during free play was generally associated with poor performance and displays of wariness in several other social situations, while solitary-passive and -active play were not; (4) reticence was associated with maternal ratings of child shyness, while solitary-active behavior was associated with maternal ratings of impulsivity. Results are discussed in terms of the underlying mechanisms associated with reticence and passive and active withdrawal.
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