wealth of strategies for developing your arguments into a cohesive whole

Use your annotations and claim identifications to pull out the material you need for the essay you want to develop. As
you are reading each piece, keep the essay question you choose in mind so that information from
the text pops out.
Also, see the pages at the end of Jacobus:
Writing on Ideas

an Intr
oduction to Rhetoric
. That section can give you a
wealth of strategies for developing your arguments into a cohesive whole
Some changes to note for this essay:
apers should be at least
full pages in length (double

spaced and typed with reasonable margins
and in a
normal font
(11 or 12 point).
should use MLA format with appropriate in text citations and a works cited page
AT LEAST FIVE different sources should be incorporated as supports
; ONE of those sources should be a reading from our anthology. The other sources are up to you
but can include other readings from our text, reputable electronic sources, interviews,
classmate postings on Blackboard, etc…
Please avoid using Wikipedia, unmediated blogs, chat boards, and other personal web sites as
in academic writing.
This is the question(Choose
one of the essays you have already done this term and revise it substantially to meet the
for length and source inclusions. Please note: this might seem like the easier choice, but it
will somewhat
challenging to incorporate new sources into a
n already existing document in a way that preserves
cohesion and the flow of the text.)
this the the textbook( World of Ideas Edition: 9th
Author: Jacobus
ISBN: 9781457604362
Copyright Year: 2013
Publisher: Bedford Saint Martin’s (MPS)
I am sending the first essay that you have to change and revise. this is the question (D
ewey constantly suggests that the problems students set for themselves are far more important
education than any problems the teacher sets in advance. What problem do you see that invites
an interesting
solution? How does the solution to that problem contribute to your education?
Include multiple examples if
THis is the essay
Problem Centered Learning
Throughout history, education whether formal or informal has been an integral part of the
society. As such, different techniques have been adopted over the centuries to ensure proper
understanding and that students benefit from the learning process. In the doing so, some
techniques have proven worthless and non-beneficial, others seem to work negatively on the
students, while others have over the years proven to be essentially important for offering
articulate understanding to students. Many people have made great contributions in the sector
of education but John Dewey made the most spectacular contribution by showing how the problems
students set for they influence their educational progress. Understanding Dewey’s views,
integrating them into our studies and having the ability to pinpoint or set and solve existing
problems in the society would enhance our learning and place us in a better position of using
the gained skills in dealing with real life challenges.
As Dewey argues, setting problems in learning improves the scope of understanding in all areas
of study (Uden and Beaumont 32). However, this technique works efficiently if the students
according to the influence of the society set the said problems. This is because as students,
when we realize the need to solve the problems that confront us, we stand a better chance to
acquire different educational skills that prove essentially important in the process of
learning. Thus, with the knowledge of the interconnection that exists between proper
understanding and skill, then this would further propagate our understanding of the need to set
and seek existing problems in our learning and thus equip us with the necessary skills that
would serve greater roles in our lives. Consequently, this would enhance and shape our motives
for gaining such skills and their application in the solving of further problems we face in our
studies and in real life largely (Mauffette, Kandlbinder and Soucisse 11).
According to Dewey, students may set experimental problems in the course of their learning.
While proponents and opponents for this have different views for and against, Dewey argues it
is important as it instills an experimental problem-solving skill in the involved student
(Mauffette, Kandlbinder and Soucisse 13). This helps in enhancing their understanding of the
different disciplines taught and further ensuring their success in education. These problems
should stem from real issues that affect the society. Issues like global warming and its
effects on the society are a good example. In the course of learning, for instance Geography,
students should focus on enlightening the society on issues that would limit all the processes
that lead to global warming. This would enhance their skills on the issue and their
understanding on the subject.
Further from this, students can also work on setting problems on issues that influence on the
society majorly. One of such issues is communication and relations with other people. While
different disciplines teach these, there is greater understanding that comes with taking an
active part in the issue. This is because taking an active part in education enhances students
understanding and places them in a better position of dealing with different societal
challenges. Students can work on enlightening the society, through the formation of educative
groups, on the different means of ensuring proper communication and its influence on human
relations. As this would make a positive impact on the society and enhance the student’s
understanding, we therefore understand the importance of problem based learning approach (Rud,
Garrison and Stone 139).
The Problems that students set in the process of learning act as a stimulus to thinking. As a
result, all disciplines of study should adopt the system described by Dewey where students
create problems and strive to solve them in quest of achieving success and understanding in
their learning (Dobbs 26). This however should be elf-directed and not a compulsion from the
teachers or instructors. For example, engineering, medicine, statistics and all other science-
related students should focus on solving some of the major issues that affect the society
today. In an instance, this can be done through the creation of programs that can predict
issues like the future spread of certain diseases, screening for diseases and offer accurate
statistics on the same would enable them understand better in their learning (Uden and Beaumont
In conclusion, students’ understanding in different subjects has been enhanced through problem
setting during the course of their learning. This form of learning leads to self-directed and
lifelong learning and understanding and thus has shaped educational systems greatly. Students’
ability to incorporate skills in the solving of the set problems and other real life problems
improves with the use of the strategies that Dewey outlined in his work. However, while to some
an important aspect of learning to others problem setting proves to be a tall order. This is
because many learners find difficulties in identifying existing problems and using them in the
course of learning. Therefore, though a good form of study, it demands for more to be done in
order to ensure its proper incorporation in the course of learning for the benefit of each
student and the society as well.
Works Cited
Dobbs, Vicki. Comparing Student Achievement in the Problem-based Learning Classroom and
Traditional Teaching Methods Classroom. Walden: ProQuest, 2008.
Mauffette, Yves, Peter Kandlbinder and Alexandre Soucisse. “The Problem in Problem-Based
Learning is the Problems: But Do They Motivate Students.” 2007. McGraw Hill Education. 30
8 2013 .
Rud, A G, et al. John Dewey at 150: Reflections for a New Century. West Lafayette: Purdue
university Press, 2009.
Uden, Lorna and Chris Beaumont. Technology and Problem-Based Learning. Hershey : Information
Science Pub., 2006.

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